Bokashi bran is made from molasses and EM1. What is EM1?

FAQsBokashi bran is made from molasses and EM1. What is EM1?
Nicki Casley Staff asked 7 months ago
1 Answers
Nicki Casley Staff answered 7 months ago

EM (effective microorganisms) is a selected group of microbes that work together beneficially to ferment food waste. The original EM product (EM1) was developed by a Japanese researcher (Teruo Higa) in the 1980’s. By carefully selecting a mix of bacteria, Higa was able to develop a group of beneficial bacteria that are universally applicable and are able to survive (and thrive) in a wide range of real world conditions.
Today, there are different varieties of EM1-type products available. Whilst the exact microbes and the relative quantities of each may vary from product to product, the majority of bacteria in the EM culture will fall into the following three categories:
• Lactic acid bacteria (LAM)
These bacteria convert sugar into lactic acid. This lactic acid production reduces the pH and produces an environment that is unfavorable for pathogens and methane-producing bacteria. Without this group of bacteria there would be no fermentation.
• Yeast
Yeasts are single-cell fungi. Yeasts help to decompose sugars and create many beneficial by-products such as vitamins, hormones and amino acids.
• Purple non-sulfur bacteria (PNSB)
PNSB microbes are able to survive in a wide variety of environments and this adaptability makes them a very useful group within any EM product. Their main benefit is in breaking down hydrogen sulphide gas and ammonia and reducing the odors associated with these gases.

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